Leprosy testing in IOW squirrels
Leprosy was first diagnosed in red squirrels on the Isle of Wight in 2015. Visual signs to look for are unusual ear and skin lesions, although animals with the leprosy bacteria do not always have symptoms. Helen collected ear samples during routine post-mortem examinations she did on 93 squirrels found dead from all around the Island. Deaths due to natural or unknown causes accounted for 33% of cases and 67% ere as a direct result of human activity, especially road traffic. Helen took the samples to Moredun Research Institute and, after training, tested them for leprosy. Only one out of the samples proved positive. The affected squirrel was an adult male that was a road traffic accident in 2016. There were no visible signs of leprosy. It would be interesting to know if there has ever been a leprosy hospital on the Isle of Wight. Are there any historians out there? In the past we have had two confirmed cases of leprosy in squirrels on the Isle of Wight, one had died in 2004 and the second in 2011. The infection is at a low level in the population and has almost certainly been present on the island – and the rest of the country – for a long time. Read more>>
In 2016, the MADRS grey control team removed 720 greys from our patch. 2017 has seen an increase in greys, no doubt greatly contributed to by such a mild winter and to the end of June, we had removed over 900. The damage to trees, predation on bird eggs and fledgelings and obviously the spread of squirrel pox would have been so much greater had it not been for the remarkable efforts of our ‘Grey’ team. We are indebted to each and every one of them, as quite simply, without this control work, we would have lost our Reds by now. It is only through this continued and relentless work that the native Red has any chance of survival. Encouragingly, we have had more red sightings in areas where we have been undertaking control work and I am delighted to say that 2 Reds, in two different areas near Shadfen were seen recently.
Again, we stress that this is not a side of red conservation that is taken lightly. It is absolutely necessary to ensure the survival of the reds.
It would seem that all the various ‘official’ organisations and the plethora of acronyms that go with them are all essentially reinventing the wheel and patting themselves on the back about saving the Red squirrel. It is however a reality, that the majority of ‘saving’ the red squirrel is down to the sheer hard work and ‘boots on the ground’ from local groups. Without this extensive effort, these funded organisations would have nothing to save. It is a pity that the majority of the salaried people sitting behind desks in these organisations seem oblivious to this. Read more>>
Welcome to our August edition. Red squirrel sightings have rocketed this year. By the end of June 2016 we’d had just 86, although the figure recovered to 244 by the end of the year. In 2017, however, we have already had 309 reported, with five months to go. These reports are essential for mapping red squirrel range so please keep them coming. Read more>>
Many of you will have seen or heard so much in the way of press releases over the last six months or so regarding a contraceptive for grey squirrels, a vaccine to save red squirrels from squirrel pox virus disease and also the Pine Marten theory of creating a ‘landscape of fear’ for the greys.
As it stands currently; a workable contraceptive formula is at least a decade away and even if this comes to fruition, it is of no use to our group as cannot be used in areas where there are red squirrels; there is no funding available to develop the prototype of the squirrel pox vaccine any further; and there is no statistically significant evidence relating to the Pine Marten theory.
The only way to save the much loved red squirrels in our area is through human intervention using the successful methods that we deploy. Our standardised recording data provides very clear, significant evidence that using a humane, combination methodology of trapping and shooting is the most effective means of clearing areas of the non-native grey squirrels to allow our iconic and genetically unique red squirrels to survive for future generations to enjoy. It is this dedicated ‘boots on the ground front line work’ that is making the biggest impact in red squirrel conservation. Read more>>
In this edition of Red Squirrel News, find out what the red squirrels on our trail cams have been up to, where red squirrels have been seen recently and and how you can get involved in tracking reds in mid Wales. VWT Pine Marten Project Manager, Jenny MacPherson gives advice on how to avoid getting a pine marten in your traps, and what action to take if you do. Get the lastest information on Phytophthora ramorum disease how Natural Resounces Wales (NRW) are trying to limit the impact on our woodlands. Read more>>
Non-lethal control is unlikely ever to replace trapping and shooting entirely as a way to suppress greys. But fertility control and natural predation offer attractive and additional ‘tools in the toolbox’. Research by Giovanna Massei at the National Wildlife Management Centre, part of the Animal & Plant Health Agency unit based outside York, is moving existing fertility control science to the point where a strategy for grey squirrels can be applied. The 5-year research programme uses existing and proven US developed contraceptives married with leading edge British oral delivery technology. A key component of the research will be the development of a grey squirrel-specific hopper, delivering the oral contraceptive on treated feed. Here is Giovanna’s full report>>
Read more of the WRS E-News here>>
The red squirrel is under threat of extinction across Britain. Their supporters believe the only way to save them is to exterminate their enemy: the greys. But are they just prejudiced against non-native species? By Patrick Barkham and published in theguardian. Read the article here>>
Courtesy of Guardian News & Media Ltd
Figures published earlier this year show that in strategically systematic and coordinated programmes carried out in the north of England, grey squirrel control is most effective when a combination of trapping and shooting is used, with shooting proving to be the most effective aspect of control. Read more>>
Welcome to our first E-News. Our plan is to issue it every couple of months with the exception of February each year when we’ll produce an Annual Review. What do you think of this new way of keeping in touch? Please let us know. Read more>>
A very interesting article making the case for grey control, written by Dr Craig Shuttleworth and published in The Conversation. Read the full article here>>
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